They draw, play games and expand their vocabulary. The orange apes simply tore down the walls and knocked holes in the roof to get in. She's an ingenious animal." Since then, Gypsy has been quite happy to repeat this feat. "Previous studies have described a gorilla acting as though it was rolling a ball of clay between her hands, which was interpreted as meaning "clay". Once the novelty wears off, many of the animals spend their lives in cages, alone and neglected. Using their hands, the orangutans can respond to simple questions, identify objects and express their wants or needs. Orangutans have been killed for raiding crops. The locals originally used the name to refer to actual forest-dwelling human beings, but the word underwent a semantic extension to include apes of the Pongo genus at an early stage in the history of Malay. "We can do daily checks. They have such a high level of intelligence that it manifests in the use of tools within orangutan social groups. In zoos, stressed out orangutans respond well to aroma therapy and are particularly relaxed by rose oil. The implications of these language studies have been contested, however. I think they just figure, 'I've gotten along just fine in this world without this communication-skill here and the iPad, and I don't need a computer.'" What he and his orangutan buddies do in the forests of Sumatra tells scientists that advance trip planning and social networking aren't just human traits. Orangutan Intelligence and Mental Life Orangutans in laboratory situations have learned sign language about as fast and effectively as their gorilla and chimpanzee counterparts. The long-term plan is to set up a larger, orangutan-proof screen in the holding area, along with another screen outside for guests. By Virginia Morell Nov. 14, 2018 , 4:35 PM. Orangutans were bought and sold openly until the trade was outlawed in 1989. On how orangutan end up as pets, Richard C. Paddock wrote in the Los Angeles Times: As the forest is cut down, loggers who encounter orangutans commonly shoot the adult females and take their babies to sell as pets. and many more tid-bits. Researchers Laura and Zaida are doing a number of experiments, one of many being the “box task.” This tests flexibility responses. [Source: M. Jegathesan, AFP, May 30, 2009]. "Our young ones pick up on it. They are by far the most arboreal of the larger apes, living almost exclusively in the rainforest canopy. Find out here. That is our objective," he said. [Source: Ian Sample, The Guardian, August 11, 2010], The study, published in the Biology Letters journal, suggests miming is rare in wild orangutans, but is used when other forms of communication fail. I am happy to be reading of this study, and more researchers being involved with orangutans! The animals, now mainly from Borneo, can easily be purchased in Jakarta, the nation's capital. Other articles where Animal intelligence is discussed: animal learning: Complex problem solving: …that animals might differ in intelligence, with those more closely related to humans sharing more of their intellectual abilities, is commonly traced back to Charles Darwin. One had a fancy for flashlight bulbs and another like to suck all the ink out of fountain pens. Asia. The primates have many sounds that they use to communicate with each other and can also easily blow raspberries. Unlike their African cousins who live in social groups, orangutans spend most of their time alone or in a mother/offspring pair. The study suggests they are capable of more complex communication than previously thought, and resort to mimes to elaborate on messages directed at other apes and their former keepers. When it comes to orangutans, the iPad itself has limitations. right now, to our own children. Sabapathy said infants were only removed from their mothers if they were underweight, neglected and at risk of dying, and that some mothers raised their own babies, including one born in May. Wild orangutans (P. pygmaeus wurmbii) in Tuanan, Borneo, were observed using tools to aid acoustic communication, using leaves to amplify their ‘kiss-squeak’ vocalisations. “Perhaps she just prefers to take it when she wants, not when somebody tries to force her to,” he said. [Ibid], Psychologist Anne Russon and Kristin Andrews, a philosopher at York University in Toronto, analysed 20 years of video footage of orangutans that had once been in captivity, but were released into the wild in Indonesian Borneo. Orangutans in laboratory situations have learned sign language about as fast and effectively as their gorilla and chimpanzee counterparts. Peace! Tuah lies calmly in his cot with his eyes wide open and hands across his chest, hooked up to cables monitoring his heart beat and oxygen levels, ignoring the passing parade. [Ibid], Andrews said: "Great apes' ability to engage in rudimentary narrative communication suggests to us that, like humans, they are able to make sense of their world by telling stories, and to relay their thoughts about the world to others. This article mentions that the comparative cognition abilities of the Bornean and Sumatran orang-utans are being studied. Orangutans are the only semi-solitary great ape. In Taipei, one orangutan had its face painted blue and was tied up in a shop. Closing the windows and doors wasn't enough to keep them out. Learn more here. "We're able to really monitor their health on a daily basis," Jacobs said of the need for communication with the orangutans. Orangutans are the only Asian Great Ape, found only on the islands of Sumatra and Borneo. Richard Zimmerman, executive director of Orangutan Outreach, said he's building an "Apps For Apes" program with old, donated iPads at facilities throughout North America, though Jungle Island isn't part of that group. Mr Whitehead told reporters that Karta sat on top of the fence for about 30 minutes before apparently changing her mind about the escape and climbing back into the enclosure. One animal indicated to researchers that it wanted a haircut, as a ruse to divert their attention while it stole something, according to the study. The hypothesis is to examine whether animals with a stronger orientation toward humans, and therefore presumably a longer exposure to humans and human artifacts, have a greater repertoire of learned skills, a better social learning ability, greater exploration tendencies regarding objects, and less neophobia (fear of new things). Orangutan Facts At A Glance: Other Name(s): orang-utan, orang utan; ... Orangutan Intelligence & Tool Use. On June 27, Kurotori accidentally dropped the medicine inside Gypsy’s cage. Thank you. Gypsy also wipes her cage with a cloth, and pours water into a plastic bottle before drinking it. They were able to identify objects, answer questions and explain what they wanted to eat. Whitehead said the animal was not aggressive, but the zoo was cleared as a precaution, and veterinarians stood by with tranquilliser guns in case of trouble. But this intelligence, even in the semi-solitary orangutan, may … Orangutans are found only in Sumatra and Borneo in S.E. There are also two species of orangutan. Watching the trailer brought me to tears and each time I’ve shared it with others it has the same effect. In the wild, orangutans keep innovative cultural traditions: Some groups construct foraging tools for extracting insects from tree holes; others use leaves as rain hats or napkins, wad them up as pillows, or line their hands with them when climbing a spiky tree. Officials at the zoo in the southern city of Adelaide would conduct a "thorough review" of the escape bid and it was likely some vegetation that could be used in a future try for freedom would be removed from Karta's enclosure. Amazing Facts About the Sumatran Orangutan. "We've had issues with her before in normal day-to-day operations where she tries to outsmart the keepers. The orangutan is one of humankind’s closest relatives – in fact, we share nearly 97% of the same … Sometime they are trained to be servants: performing simple tasks such as opening doors and fetching food. Tool Usage Of Orangutans. The devices have been a great addition to the enrichment programs Jungle Island already does with the orangutans, Jacobs said. Anthropology students Zaida Kosonen and Laura Damerius in front of the testing facilities at the OCCQ. Orangutans live for up to 45 years in the wild. These are questions researchers Laura Damerius and Zaida Kosonen from the Max-Planck Institute of Evolutionary Anthropology in Leipzig, Germany and the University of Zurich in Switzerland are trying to assess. Some have even improved on human technology. The researchers closely followed the males as they traveled on 320 days during the 1990s. The Sumatran orangutans at the Zoo Atlanta have access to a touch screen where they are able to play games and they do. Learn about these critically endangered rainforest primates. Humans who have been attacked or injured by orangutans usually provoked the animals in some way. What’s an orangutan’s favorite fruit? All rights reserved. They found 18 scenes in which orangutans appeared to be acting out simple mimes to convey information to other animals or people. Orangutan subjects learn to open wooden boxes by lifting the lid (See picture 2). But the trade continues. Their family's teenagers also like the hand-held computer tablets, too, but the clan's elders show no interest. He is taking his peanut reward. "They're continuously updating their Google Maps so to speak. See how apes … There are studies that show they can use representational strategy and solve invisible displacement problems. Kurotori, 55, handed Gypsy another packet and then watched in disbelief as she skillfully ripped it open and tipped the medicine into her mouth. But in recent years, the lab and captivity studies have all shown such planning. Scientific experiments have been conducted where a mirror was presented to the animals and their reaction was observed. Sirimanne, who has worked in zoos in Southeast Asia and the Middle East over the past four decades, said baby orangutans need to be with their mothers to learn survival skills. Orangutans live on two different large islands, Borneo and Sumatra. Text Sources: National Geographic, Natural History magazine, Smithsonian magazine, Wikipedia, New York Times, Washington Post, Los Angeles Times, Times of London, The Guardian, Top Secret Animal Attack Files website, The New Yorker, Time, Newsweek, Reuters, AP, AFP, The Economist, BBC, and various books and other publications. Orangutans are innovators. 7 Intelligence Milestones They're not Rise of the Planet of the Apes smart, but they're no dummies. Whether gorillas are conscious of their own identity is still disputed. "Keeping the orangutans in captivity on an island is not a conservation programme. We are trying to increase the numbers in the wild.". Laura and Zaida’s research will take two more years of sanctuary study. Gypsy, who is thought to be 51 years old, quite elderly for an orangutan, became sick during the rainy season and was given medicine similar to that used for humans. They are highly susceptible to human diseases, such as hepatitis B and tuberculosis, which is one of the main reasons, tourists should resist handling them. In Indonesia they have traditionally been kept by police and military men. In May 2012, David Fischer of Associated Press wrote: “The 8-year-old twins love their iPad. Other times they become cross-eyed from watching too many soccer games and Indian movies on television. Galdikas and Brindamour complained that the orangutans that stayed with them ate, drank and ripped open anything the can get their hands on; opened childproof drug containers; and squeezed out all the contents of glue bottles and toothpaste tubes. Lets hope it can reach the masses and inspire them to join the movement for change. ability to deceive. They travel, eat, and sleep in the forest canopy, making a new sleeping nest most nights. Is it possible that these differences in tool-use and behavior between Sumatran and Bornean orangutans arise out of differential sociality? He said the facility was originally stocked with orangutans obtained from the forestry department in Sarawak state on Borneo, who had been confiscated from individuals there. When the baby apes are a year old, they are transferred to an "infant development unit" designed to teach them to live in the wild. How big do orangutans get? Orangutan guide: species facts, diet and best places to see. But the care lavished on the animals, which are fed every two hours by a staff of seven nurses on duty round the clock, is lost on environmentalists who say this is no way to treat wild animals facing the threat of extinction. Once the orangutan subject learns Solution 1 (lid flip), researchers close boxes and change to Solution 2 by locking boxes so box lids can’t be flipped open but only slid to the side. 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